Beans, rice, coffee, meat, all the foods that reach the table have passed through the hands of the workers of the fields, whether they are farmers, ranchers, members of associations or traditional communities. In addition, scientists from all over Brazil collaborate to improve national production. Brazil has more than 8 million people working in the countryside.
- From war to science
- revolution of the nuns
- Success came with persistence
- Little study, but a lot of coffee
- Extractivism and death threats
Radiography of field work – Photo: Arte / g1
Among rural workers, about 60% are involved in agriculture, 28.4% in livestock, 4.3% in fishing and 4.2% in forestry. Most (44.4%) are self-employed and 50% were unable to complete their studies due to incomplete primary education.
WHERE IS HE FROM: avocado, coffee, cashew … The series shows the origin of the food consumed in the country
Johanna Döbereiner – Photo: Advertising / Emprapa
Johanna Döbereiner is one of the scientists who helped Brazil become one of the largest agricultural producers. She was born in 1924 in the former Czechoslovakia (now the Czech Republic and Slovakia), she emigrated to Brazil in 1950, fleeing the instability and losses left in Europe by the end of the Second World War.
Here, he found out plants can generate their own fertilizer by interacting with nitrogen-fixing bacteria. Although these beings were discovered in 1901 by Martinus Beijerinck, it was she who showed it how to use bacteria in the service of agriculturesince not everyone is able to transfer nitrogen to plants.
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Coopercuc members on Denise Cardoso’s election day, 2016 – Photo: Personal Archive / Denise Cardoso
In Bahia, the Cooperative Agropecuária Familiar de Canudos, Uauá e Curaçá (Coopercuc) is made up for about 70% of women and has become a reference in the organic production of native Caatinga fruitssuch as passion fruit and umbu, which is the flagship of the house.
The union of the workers began thanks to the 3 sisters: Monique Fortier, Martha D’aoust and Jaqueline Aubly, who arrived in the municipality of Uauá in 1986, as part of the Basic Ecclesiastical Communities (CEB) movement. they started doing it encourage women in the municipality to earn their own income and participate in the decisions of their communitiesat a time when there was no female presence in rural associations and social movements.
- Umbu, feijoa, beer – native fruits are not the most popular in Brazil
Success came with persistence
Celito Breda in the carioca bean field in Barreiras, Western Bahia – Photo: Personal archive
Bean producer Celito Breda shows that with research and persistence it is possible to expand his plantation. He arrived in Western Bahia in 1980, when the state, along with Maranhão, Tocantins and Piauí, began to form a new agricultural frontier in the country, which strengthened in the 2000s: Matopiba (acronyms).
Despite being a pioneer, he was not immediately successful – he tried to plant watermelon, cabbage, sell pamonha, but nothing worked. Only irrigated beans thrived. However, he faced crop problems, having to sell the property to pay off the debts. Only after 2017 did farming really start to bear fruit.
- Feijoada helps move more than R $ 40 billion into the sector
Little study, but a lot of coffee
Dona Ivone blends coffee beans at the Instituto Agronômico de Campinas (IAC). – Photo: Sergio Parreiras Pereira
Ivone Baziolli studied only up to the 4th grade, but thanks to her there are the varieties of Arabica Mundo Novo and Catuaí coffee. Of his 88 years, 65 have been dedicated to coffee. Since the age of 16 he has been working at the Campinas Agronomic Institute (IAC), with leading coffee geneticists in Brazil, such as Carlos Arnaldo Krug and Alcides Carvalho. While leading the research team, Dona Ivone was in charge of the field work.
Respected by all generations of researchers who have passed through the IAC, Ms. Ivone participates in the meetings of the International Women’s Coffee Alliance (IWCA), an organization that aims to strengthen women working in the sector, through training and exchange of knowledge. And she has an international scholarship in her name: the Dona Ivone Scholarship, launched in March last year and which will support the study of university students and professionals in the coffee sector.
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Extractivism and death threats
Extractive Dione – Photo: Personal archive
Dione Torquato is one of the more than 5 million people who form traditional mining communities in Brazil. They harvest fruit, such as açaí and chestnut, fish and use subsistence family farming, including artisanal hunting, to supplement their income.
In addition to being an extractive worker, Dione is a leader in the Tefé National Forest region, in Amazonas and secretary general of the National Council of Extractive Peoples, the CNS. He face constant death threats, which are sent by miners, loggers and ranchers. The extractivist believes that the reasons for this are the complaints he makes by reporting irregularities in the region, such as deforestation.
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With an eye to the future and respecting traditions, agribusiness is made up of people